Flight tests on swinging during take-off on a single-engined fighter-bomber (Typhoon Ib)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author W. Stewart en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-21T15:52:13Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-21T15:52:13Z
dc.date.issued 1948 en_US
dc.identifier.other ARC/R&M-2660 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://reports.aerade.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826.2/3201
dc.description.abstract Flight tests have been carried out on a Typhoon aircraft to compare the values of the aerodynamic side forces and yawing moments, during take-off, with the wind-tunnel measurements, and to compare various methods of estimating the rudder angles required to trim during a take-off run. The side forces can be checked fairly simply by estimating the various component side forces acting at each instant during the run and comparing the summation with the resultant side force measured by an accelerometer. The aerodynamic side forces were evaluated from the wind-tunnel tests under the corresponding conditions and the side force from the undercarriage was estimated from the load on the wheels and the angle of crab of the wheels to their instantaneous direction of motion. It is more difficult to compare the yawing moments operating as there is no direct method, at present, of measuring an angular acceleration. Angular accelerations are difficult to obtain by differentiation of the observed angular displacements of the aircraft, due to the rapid variations in angle produced by the pilot's over-corrections on the rudder. Nevertheless, it was possible in some of the runs to evolve the resultant yawing moment from double differentiation of the heading angles and where this could be done successfully, good agreement was obtained between this resultant moment and the summation of the estimated components. By integrating the summation of the estimated yawing moments along a take-off run, which should be approximately zero, a further check on the comparison of the flight and wind-tunnel yawing moments can be made. The results show very good agreement with the wind-tunnel tests. As runs have been done under various crosswind conditions on the aerodrome (i.e., different angles of sideslip) the order of each of the aerodynamic components was verified. A method of evaluating the rudder angles required to trim is suggested, by solving the side-force and yawing moment equations simultaneously, using the wind-tunnel measurements for the aerodynamic components and introducing the side force from the undercarriage, in terms of the crab angle of the wheels. In the yawing-moment equation, the second-order differential inertia terms is neglected as the changes of angle in the theoretical calculations (representing a straight take-off run) are very small. The effect of the tail wheel has been disregarded as it is only in operation during the initial stages of the run. Due to considerable over-correction by the pilot, it is desirable to design for a rudder range at least 20 per cent in excess of that required to trim. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aeronautical Research Council Reports & Memoranda en_US
dc.title Flight tests on swinging during take-off on a single-engined fighter-bomber (Typhoon Ib) en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record



My Account