Measurements of cabin noise in bomber aircraft

Show simple item record D. Cameron en_US W. J. D. Annand en_US 2014-10-21T15:53:00Z 2014-10-21T15:53:00Z 1942 en_US
dc.identifier.other ARC/R&M-2296 en_US
dc.description.abstract Measurements of cabin noise level, by means of an objective noisemeter and octave filter, have been made on a number of multi-seater aeroplanes. It was desired to examine these results to determine whether they could be predicted from the geometry and other features of the aeroplanes, and whether they could be correlated with noise assessments by the crew. Curves of noise level in decibels against frequency have been obtained for eight aeroplanes, in various flight conditions, at different crew stations, and on one aeroplane with and without soundproofing. These curves have been examined in conjunction with details of the geometry of the aeroplanes, the frequencies of airscrew and engine rotation and of the engine explosions, and assessments of the aeroplane noise made by pilots and observers. The principal sources of noise are airscrew rotation and engine exhaust at low frequencies and aerodynamic noise at high frequencies; in certain cases, other factors such as airscrew torsional vibration and engine vibrations appear to contribute. The noise level to be expected can be predicted roughly from a consideration of the distance of the crew stations from exhausts and airscrews, the area of perspex present, the aerodynamic cleanness of the windscreen and the degree of soundproofing. The curve of noise level against frequency does not in all cases agree with an-assessment by the crew, and it appears that some other measurement is necessary to complete the picture. It is suggested that a more complete determination of the noise characteristics would be given by a combination of three tests--frequency analysis, a measurement of peak values, and an aural investigation of rattles, etc. The introduction of some degree of soundproofing is considered to be desirable in the majority of British bombers. The material used must not interfere with maintenance by making pipelines, etc., inaccessible, and it is for consideration whether some local thickening of the fuselage skin and windows in the plane of the airscrews would not be of advantage in reducing the amount of internal material required. Care should be taken to eliminate noises such as rattles, buzzes, whistles and drumming panels which can be very irritating to the crew even when they are not very loud. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aeronautical Research Council Reports & Memoranda en_US
dc.title Measurements of cabin noise in bomber aircraft en_US

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