Graphical method of calculating performance of airscrew

Show simple item record Lock, C. N. H. 2015-11-04T12:23:15Z 2015-11-04T12:23:15Z 1934-10
dc.identifier.other ARC/R&M-1675 en_US
dc.description.abstract A rapid method is described of making calculations of airscrew performance by means of charts. The first application is to ordinary strip theory calculations on the basis of the formulae of Ref. 5. Six charts are required for each radius for which the value of thrust grading, etc., are to be derived; of these six, four depend on number of blades but are otherwise universal, since they are independent of shape of blade section, and do not involve the blade width or blade angle explicitly; they are based purely on the application of Prandtl theory to the airscrew and contain no empirical adjustments. The remaining two charts involve the lift and drag curves of the section. The second application gives a considerable further simplification in that the charts are required for a single standard radius (0.7) only; the thrust coefficient corresponding to a given working condition can then be deduced by a simple operation with three charts while the torque involves three further charts and a simple addition. The accuracy of the second method is increased if the lift and drag charts are deduced by analysis of observations on (model) airscrews, an analysis which can be performed rapidly by means of the remaining four charts; such an analysis of the results of the wind tunnel tests of high pitch airscrews shows that the method will give reasonably consistent results over a range of pitch ratio from 0.3 to 2.5, while there is little doubt that the method will cover the range of blade width likely to occur in practice. Changes of blade section and also of plan form and twist may be included if necessary by modifying the lift and drag curves. The second method has also been remarkably successful in its application to the stalled range of an airscrew, a range in which there is at present no other available method. It is further suggested that the first method might prove very convenient for analysing wind tunnel tests of model airscrews at high tip speed; the accuracy of application of the second method might be improved by basing the lift curves on full scale values of power, speed and revolutions, combined with an estimate of profile drag. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher H. M. Stationery Office en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ARC/RM;1675
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aeronautical Research Committee Reports & Memoranda en_US
dc.title Graphical method of calculating performance of airscrew en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US

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